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Agrielea grece agrestis oliva .i. silvestris ut apud Dyascoridem proprio capitulo ut grecus dicit agrilea Dyascorides agrielea quam multi cathim dicunt alii olivam ethiopicam latini oleastrum.


Ms. e splits this entry into two, the second entry beginning with: Dya. agrielea quã …. Ms. f signals a new paragraph: ¶Dya agrielea quaʒ …

Agrielea B e f | Agrilea AC

.i. om. f

proprio capitulo B | proprio caplo e | proprio ca. AC | caplo proprio f

ut grecus dicit agrielea e | ubi grecus dicit agrielea B | sʒ dicit agrielea grecus f | vt grecus (-cus C) dicit agrilea AC

cathĩ AC | cathim B | chatim e | echathim f | cathino Dyasc. alphabet. | cothinon Diosc. Longob. | Graece κότινος /kótinos/

dicunt om. f

alii ABC e | alii uero f

oleastrum (-strũ A) AC e | -strum f | -strũ etcetera B


Agrielea is Greek for "wild olive", i.e. not cultivated, as is said by Dyascorides in the relevant chapter {entitled} agrilea as the Greek says.

According to Dyascorides De agrielea {"On the wild olive"} many people also call the plant cathim, others Ethiopian olive. {And Simon adds:} Latin speakers call it oleastrum.


Simon here quotes the first line of Dyacorides alphabeticus Bodmin f. 6r: Agralea oleastrum quam ml’ti cathino dñt alij oliuaʒ ethyopicã latini oleastruʒ [[1]], or Dioscorides Longobardus, 1, 114, ed. Mihăescu (1938: 57-8), De agrielea id est oleastru, Quem multi cothinon dicunt, alii vero oliva ethiopica.

The Greek original can be found: 1, 105, ed. Wellmann (1906-14: I.97) ἀγριελαία /agrielaía/ [[2]].

ἀγριελαία /agrielaía/ "wild olive" is a compound word of ἄγρι- /ágri-/ the word-stem for the adjective "wild, uncultivated" and ἔλαια /élaia/ "olive tree".

Cathim is ultimately Greek κότινος /kótinos/ which means "wild olive tree". The word was adopted into Latin by Pliny as cotinus, where it underwent a change in meaning, now denoting Rhus cotinus L. the "Eurasian smoketree or Purple smoke bush" [[3]], which is not related to the wild olive. It is a plant of wide distribution ranging from Southern Europe through to Central Asia and China. It is nowadays a common ornamental garden plant.

See Cathin (1), Zambugi

Botanical identification:

See Oleaster

Wilf Gunther 26/01/14

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