Difference between revisions of "Alumen (1)"

From Simon Online
Jump to: navigation, search
m
 
(5 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
Alumen tres habet species medicine aptas .s. iameni et est scissum quod de pluma vulgo dicitur, et est rotundum quod zucarinum vocatur et ob similitudinem zucari et liquidum quod vocatur de rocha vel lipparinum ut Cassius felix ca. de stomachi morbis.
+
Alumen tres habet species medicine aptas .s. iameni et est scissum quod de pluma vulgo dicitur, et est rotundum quod zucarinum vocatur et ob similitudinem zucari et liquidum quod vocatur de rocha vel lipparinum ut Cassius felix capitulo de stomachi morbis.
  
  
 
<span style="color:#3CB371">Translation:</span>
 
<span style="color:#3CB371">Translation:</span>
  
There are three kinds of alumen that are useful for medicine, that is to say: iameni {"Egyptian alum"} also called scissum {"split alum"} and in common parlance de pluma {"feather alum"}; {secondly} there is the round alum, which is called zuccarinum {"sugary"} because of its similarity to sugar; and {thirdly} alumen de rocha {"rock alum"} or alum from Lipari, an alum mentioned in Cassius Felix’s chapter "On stomach diseases".
+
There are three kinds of ''alumen'' that are useful for medicine, that is to say: ''iameni'' {"Egyptian alum"} also called ''scissum'' {"split alum"} and in common parlance ''de pluma'' {"feather alum"}; {secondly} there is the round alum, which is called ''zuccarinum'' {"sugary"} because of its similarity to sugar; and {thirdly} ''alumen de rocha'' {"rock alum"} or alum "from Rocha or Lipari", an alum mentioned in Cassius Felix’s chapter "On stomach diseases".
  
  
 
<span style="color:#3CB371">Commentary:</span>
 
<span style="color:#3CB371">Commentary:</span>
  
Cassius Felix, in his De medicina, chapter XLII Ad stomachi passiones {i.e. "For diseases of the stomach"}, § 12, p.113, gives instructions for a preparation, of which one ingredient is "alumen liparum id est liquidum" and he uses the same formulation in chapter XLVIII Ad dysenteriam {"For dysentery"} when listing the ingredients for a preparation against that affliction, {p.140}.
+
Cassius Felix, in his ''De medicina'', chapter XLII ''Ad stomachi passiones'' {i.e. "For diseases of the stomach"}, § 12, ed. Fraisse (2001: 113), gives instructions for a preparation, of which one ingredient is ''alumen liparum id est liquidum'' and he uses the same formulation in chapter XLVIII ''Ad dysenteriam'' {"For dysentery"} when listing the ingredients for a preparation against that affliction, {p.140}.
 +
 
 +
Concerning Simon's ''alumen quod vocatur de rocha vel lipparinum'' - "''alumen'' which is called ''from Rocha''" or ''from Lipari''"; cf. D. Goltz (1972: 161), who says that in the early Middle Ages a new kind of alum became famous, ''alumen Rupeum'' or ''Roche''. It came from the city of Edessa, in Turkish Rochha, and was exported via Aleppo.
 +
 
 +
''alumen lipparinum'' is clearly seen by Simon as named "alumen from the Lipari islands", which were in fact great exporters of alum in antiquity. However ''alumen liparum'', specifically ''liparum'' is derived by Rose (1879: 211), and Fraisse (2001) from Greek λιπαρός /liparós/ "fatty, oily, shiny"; Fraisse translates it as "alun gras" {"greasy, fatty alum"). As mentioned above it is defined in Cassius Felix twice as ''alumen liquidum'' but also once as ''alumen rotundum'', apart from being called simply ''alumen liparum'' once.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
<div style="text-align: right; direction: ltr; margin-right: 1em;">[[Alumen (2) | Next entry]]</div>

Latest revision as of 17:39, 25 January 2016

Alumen tres habet species medicine aptas .s. iameni et est scissum quod de pluma vulgo dicitur, et est rotundum quod zucarinum vocatur et ob similitudinem zucari et liquidum quod vocatur de rocha vel lipparinum ut Cassius felix capitulo de stomachi morbis.


Translation:

There are three kinds of alumen that are useful for medicine, that is to say: iameni {"Egyptian alum"} also called scissum {"split alum"} and in common parlance de pluma {"feather alum"}; {secondly} there is the round alum, which is called zuccarinum {"sugary"} because of its similarity to sugar; and {thirdly} alumen de rocha {"rock alum"} or alum "from Rocha or Lipari", an alum mentioned in Cassius Felix’s chapter "On stomach diseases".


Commentary:

Cassius Felix, in his De medicina, chapter XLII Ad stomachi passiones {i.e. "For diseases of the stomach"}, § 12, ed. Fraisse (2001: 113), gives instructions for a preparation, of which one ingredient is alumen liparum id est liquidum and he uses the same formulation in chapter XLVIII Ad dysenteriam {"For dysentery"} when listing the ingredients for a preparation against that affliction, {p.140}.

Concerning Simon's alumen quod vocatur de rocha vel lipparinum - "alumen which is called from Rocha" or from Lipari"; cf. D. Goltz (1972: 161), who says that in the early Middle Ages a new kind of alum became famous, alumen Rupeum or Roche. It came from the city of Edessa, in Turkish Rochha, and was exported via Aleppo.

alumen lipparinum is clearly seen by Simon as named "alumen from the Lipari islands", which were in fact great exporters of alum in antiquity. However alumen liparum, specifically liparum is derived by Rose (1879: 211), and Fraisse (2001) from Greek λιπαρός /liparós/ "fatty, oily, shiny"; Fraisse translates it as "alun gras" {"greasy, fatty alum"). As mentioned above it is defined in Cassius Felix twice as alumen liquidum but also once as alumen rotundum, apart from being called simply alumen liparum once.


Next entry