Ameos

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Ameos Dyascorides multi ciminum ethyopicum dicunt aut basilicen. Sed ameos alterius est nature. Est quidem semen pene ethyopico cimino simile, sed minutius et exalbidius et quodam modo spissius gustum habens similem origano.


Apparatus:

ciminum ABC ef | cyminum H

Ethyopicũ (-cuʒ f) AC f | ethiopicũ B | ethiopicuʒ e | aethiopicum H

basicilicen Diosc. Longob. | -licẽ ACH ef | -licon B Dioscorides alphabeticus & Graece

nature AC | nature B | nature f | medicine e

Est quidẽ semẽ pene AC | est quoddaʒ (-ddã f) semẽ pene ef | quod semen pene ē B | est quod semen pene H

ethyopico (-ca f) A f | & thyopico C | ethiopico B e | aethiopico H

cimino ABC ef | cymino H

et exalbidius et quodam modo om. f

et (& A) exalbidius ACH e | & albidius B

& quodã modo ABH | & quodam modo C | a quibusdaʒ modo e

similem (-ilẽ A; si͞l͞eʒ f) ACH ef | simile B

{oregano} & cetera add. BH


Translation:

Ameos; according to Dyascorides many people call it ciminum ethyopicum {i.e. "Ethiopian cumin"} or basilice {lit. Greek for "royal"}, but it is of a very different nature {from "Ethiopian cumin"}. Its seeds are indeed a bit similar to "Ethiopian cumin", but they are smaller and lighter in colour and in a certain manner thicker, and they have a taste similar to origanum {"wild marjoram"}.


Commentary:

Ameos is originally the Greek genitive, ἄμεως /ámeōs/, of the plant name ἄμι /ámi/ or ἄμμι /ámmi/. Chapter headings in Greek were often started with the preposition περί /perí/ "concerning", which requires the genitive. Latin translators quite often mistook these genitival forms to be nominatives, and in fact the form am(m)eos is very common in medieval texts.

This is a near verbatim excerpt from Dyascorides alphabeticus, Cod. Bodmer 58, f 11v, which is partly a retelling of Dioscorides Longobardus book III, ΞϚ' (66) De ameos, pp.405/406.

It is puzzling that Simon has also an entry for Ami, for which there is strangely no cross-referencing in this entry. But it seems unlikely that Simon considered Ameos and Ami to be two different plants.


Botanical identification:

For further information see Ami.

For the Arabic name see also: Nanachue, Nenuche

Wilf Gunther 27/06/2014


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