Anadromon

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Anadromon matricis .i. ascensus matricis ad superiora unde Cassius felix proprio capitulo.


Apparatus:

Anadromon AC j | Anodromon (-mõ p) B ep | Andromon f | anadromen Cassius

ascensus (-us f; ascẽsus p) AC efp | ascensio j | asensus B

{ascensus} eius add. f

proprio capitulo | c. p. ms. f


Translation:

Anadromon of the womb is the wandering upwards of the womb into the upper parts of the body, as stated in Cassius Felix in the appropriate chapter.


Commentary:

Simon is referring to Cassius Felix’s De medicina, 77, 5, ed. Fraisse (2001: 211) Ad praefocationem matricis, {"On suffocation of the womb"}, where Cassius gives a recipe: Trociscus ypocapnistos id est suffumigatorius faciens ad menstrua deducenda et ad matricis adcensum sive supernum recursum, quem Graeci anadromen dicunt, et ad praefocationem matricis optime faciens … – "{Here is a recipe for a} trochisk {i.e. round ball-like pill} to be used in fumigation that helps to bring on the menses, prevents the rising or moving upwards of the uterus, which the Greeks call anadrome, as well as against suffocation of the womb …".

Cassius’s trociscus ypocapnistos is a Latinized transcription of Greek τροχίσκος ὑποκαπνισtός /trokhískos hypokapnistós/ "a small ball-like pill used in fumigation". ὑποκαπνισtός /hypokapnistós/ is a compound adjective made of ὑπο- /hypo-/ + καπνισtός /kapnistós/, which relates to καπνός /kapnós/ "smoke".

The wandering upwards of the uterus, a common belief in antiquity and later, is called ἀναδρομή /anadromḗ/ "running up; also sprouting, climbing, returning" < ἀνα /ana-/ {"up(wards)"} + δρομή /dromḗ/ {"course, race; etc."}. Cassius is using the acc. sg. form ἀναδρομήν /anadromḗn/ depending on dicunt, but the less common Greek ending "-en" was misread by all witnesses as the more common "-on". But Simon has the correct form in the entry Anadrome.

WilfGunther 16/02/2013

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