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Anciloblefarus, Cornelius celsus, greci sic vocant cum palpebre simul aliquo casu conglutinantur aut ipsa palpebra albo oculi.


Anciloblefarus (-us f) B e f | Antiloblefarus (-us A) AC {'c' misread as 't'}


Anciloblefarus: according to Cornelius Celsus this is what the Greeks call an affliction, where due to some cause the eyelids are glued together, or when the lid itself is glued to the white of the eye.


ἀγκυλοβλέφαρον /ankyloblépharon/ "adhesion of the eyelids" (LSJ) is a compound of ἀγκυλο- /ankylo- {"crooked, fused"} + βλέφαρον /blépharon/ "eyelid".

Simon refers to Celsus, 7, 7, 6, ed. Spencer (1935-8: II.332) where it says: Interdum inter se palpebrae coalescunt aperirique non potest oculis. Cui malo solet etiam illud accedere, ut palpebrae cum albo oculi cohaerescant, scilicet cum in utroque fuit ulcus neclegenter curatum: sanescendo enim, quod diduci potuit et debuit, glutinavit: ancyloblepharus … sub utroque vitio Graeci vocant. Spencer (1935-8: II.333) translates: "At times the eyelids adhere together, and the eye cannot be opened. When this happens, the eyelids commonly adhere to the white of the eye, that is to say, when an ulceration upon either has been carelessly treated; for in the course of healing what could and should have been kept apart has been allowed to stick: the Greeks give the name of ancyloblepharus … to one who suffers from both lesions. …".

The word ankyloblepharon is still used in modern medical terminology and defined as "partial or complete adhesion of the edge of one eyelid to that of the other". This can be the result of lesions, e.g. due to ocular inflammation or burns, or it can be congenital.

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