Apollinaris (1)

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Apollinaris a quibusdam dicitur mandragora sic dicta eo quod apollo dicitur invenisse et asclepio tradidisse.


Apparatus:

B treats Apollinaris (1) and (2) as a single entry.
Ms. p has the text of this entry up to: apollo dicitur and then continues with the final part of Apollinaris (2): iusquiamos aliis nominibus vocantur ut infra in .iu.
Apollinaris AC efp | Apolinaris B j
apollo AC ej | apolo B f | apolla p
inuenisse ABC fj | vẽisse ms. e | om. p
asclepio AC efj | a sclepio B | om. p


Translation:

Apollinaris is what some people call mandragora, and they give it that name because it is said that the plant was found by Apollo and its healing power was conveyed by Asclepios.


Commentary:

Apollinaris:
as a synonym for mandragora is mentioned in Ps.-Dioscorides’ De Herbis femininis, 15, ed. Kästner (1896: 599-600).[[1]], where it says: Mandragora femina. Plerique apollinarem vel malum terrae vocant – "The female mandragora. Most people call it apollinaris or malum terrae.
Also in Ps. Galen, The Alphabet of Galen; Everett (2012: 112) where it says: Mandragora herba est omnibus nota, sic et aliqui herbam ipsam apollinarem appellant, which Everett translates: “Mandrake is a plant known to everyone, and some call the same plant apollinaris … “. The Latin text is also available online in the Basel edition of 1542, column 326 [[2]].

The name Apollinaris was also used in antiquity as a synonym for other plants, e.g. of the genus Hyoscyamus [[3]], [[4]], see Apollinaris (2), and Withania somnifera Ser. [[5]], cf. André (1985: 21).

Similarly malum terre, (lit.) "earth apple/fruit" was a synonym for a number of different plants, cf. Malum terre. A related synonym for mandragora is found in the Greek Dioscorides, 4, 75, ed. Wellmann (1906-14: II.234), RV version, where it says: Ῥωμαῖοι μάλα κανίνα, οἱ δὲ μάλα τερρέστρια /Rhōmaîoi mála kanína, hoi dè mála terréstria/ - "the Romans call them mala canina {'dog apples’} and some call them mala terrestria {'earth apples’}".


WilfGunther 19/12/2013


See also Mandragora.


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