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Cazdir arabice stagnum quod et rasas dicitur.


Cazdir | Casdir ms. e
stagnum | stãgnum p
rasas B efjp | raxis ACD
{rasas} etiam add. f


Cazdir is Arabic for Latin stagnum {"tin"}, which is also called rasas in Arabic.


cf. Wehr (1976): ﻗﺼﺪﻴﺮ /qaṣdīr/ "tin".
Siggel (1950: 85): ﻗﺰﺩﻴﺮ /qazdīr/, ﻗﺼﺪﻴﺮ /qaṣdīr/ Zinn v. gr. κασσίτερος /kassíteros/ {i.e. "tin", cf. Greek κασσίτερος /kassíteros/}.

Cf. Wehr (1976): ﺭﺼﺎﺹ /raṣāṣ/ "lead, bullets".
Siggel (1950: 81): ﺭﺼﺎﺹ /raṣāṣ/ Blei {i.e. "lead"}.
ﺭﺼﺎﺹ ﻗﻠﻌﻲ /raṣāṣ qalaʕī/ Zinn {i.e. "tin"}.

Siggel (1950: 86): ﻗﻠﻌﻲ /qalaʕī/ Zinn, Zinn-Bleilegierung {i.e. "tin, tin-lead alloy"}.

The Arabic lexicon at Simon's time did not clearly distinguish between the metals lead and tin. Thus e.g. ﺭﺼﺎﺹ /raṣāṣ/ could mean both metals, which is why Siggel (1950) adds ﻗﻠﻌﻲ /qalaʕī/ to avoid ambiguity. However ﻗﺰﺩﻴﺮ /qazdīr/, ﻗﺼﺪﻴﺮ /qaṣdīr/ was always "tin", ultimately derived from Greek κασσίτερος /kassíteros/ id. and ﻗﻠﻌﻲ /qalaʕī/ was used for "tin" and "tin alloys".

For further information see D. Goltz (1972: 179f, 243-5).

WilfGunther 14/12/13

See also: Kassiteros, Kazdir

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