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Deiudar arabice dicit Avicenna quod est species abhel ergo savine ut supra.


This entry is not rubricated in print B but follows the text of the previous entry beginning with Deiberãe
arabice om. f
Deiudar fj | Deuidar B {‘iu’ misread as ‘ui’} | Diudar ms. e | Deindar AC {'u' misread as 'n'}
abhel ABC fj | abel e | habel p
{abhel} genus add. j by different hand
ergo (go p) | ABC fp | grece e | om. fj
ut supra om. efp
{supra} vide(?) in abhel add. j by different hand


Deiudar is Arabic and Avicenna calls it a kind of abhel, i.e. savina {the "savine tree", perhaps here used as a general term for "conifer"?} as described in the entry Sabina above.


Simon is referring to Avicenna's Canon, liber secundus, Capitulum 217. De deindar. (annotation: diudar):
Deindar quid est? Est ex genere abhel, quae dicitur pinus inda; … - "What is Deindar? It is a kind of abhel, which is also called 'Indian pine'". This text is also available online in the Lyon edition (1522: 89): De deindar. Cap ccxvii [[1]].

For the Arabic original see p. 159: ﺩﻳﻮﺩﺍﺭ /dīwdār/: [[2]]

Cf. Siggel (1950: 36): ﺩﻳﻮﺩﺍﺭ /dīwdār/, ﺩﻳﻮﺩﺍﺭﻭ /dīwdārū/ Cedrus devadara (Pinac.); Calamus zalaca (Palm.).
Siggel (1950: 11): ﺍﺑﻬﻞ /abhal/, /ubhul/ "Juniperus sabina (Cupressac.), Sadebaum {i.e. 'savine'}"

Arabic (ﺩﻳﻮﺩﺍﺭ(ﻭ /dīwdār(ū)/ as well as the botanical specific epithet deodara are derived ultimately from Sanskrit dēvadāra meaning "wood or tree of the gods", i.e. Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) D.Don [[3]], "deodara" or the "Himalayan Cedar". As the name suggests, this large evergreen conifer was and still is to this day considered sacred by Hindus. Its distributional range is the western Himalayas.

According to Avicenna, op.cit., the sap of the inner wood: sirupus deindar est eius lac – "deindar syrup is its milky exudation", was used for treating a series of complaints.

WilfGunther 09/07/2013

For further information see: Abel, Sabina

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