Diaplasmata

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Diaplasmata grece vocantur odorate confectiones que ex siccis odoribus componuntur Plinius.


Apparatus:

Diaplasmata (-plasmata or –plasinata f) ABC f | Dyaplasmata e | diapasmata Pliny

.g. vocantur (-cant~ A) AC | grece vocant~ e | gre. uocãt~ B | uocat~ grece f

odorate AC ef | adorate B

que ex (ex om. B) AB f | q̃ ex { q̃ = que} C | qua ex ms. e

componuntur (cõpo- C) AC | conponunt~ B | componũt~ e | compõit~ f


Translation:

Scented preparations which are composed of dried perfumes are called diaplasmata {i.e. diapasmata} in Greek.


Commentary:

Greek διάπασμα /diápasma/, pl. διαπάσματα /diapásmata/ means "scented powder to sprinkle over the person" (LSJ), and it is related to διαπάσσω /diapássō/ "to sprinkle". The word διάπασμα /diápasma/ was obviously early on confused either by Simon himself or some scribes with διάπλασμα /diáplasma/ "model, shape, mould", which explains the occurrence of the form Diaplasmata in all witnesses.

Simon is alluding to Pliny, 13, 3, 19, , ed. Rackham (1938-63: IV.108), Siccis odoribus constant quae diapasmata vocantur. nam faecem unguenti magma appellant - "What are called diapasmata {'sprinkling powders'} consist of dried perfumes. And they call the dregs of unguents magma".

Pliny says more about the use of diapasmata in 21, 73, 125, , ed. Rackham (1938-63: VI.252), where he speaks of how to usefully apply rose petals: et aridis aut expressis aliquis usus. diapasmata inde fiunt ad sudores coercendos, ita ut a balineis inarescant corpori, dein frigida abluantur – "{the rose petals} when dried and their juice pressed out have some use: diapasmata {i.e. sprinkling powders} are made from them to control sweating, {they are sprinkled} on the body after a bath so that they dry, and then they are washed off with cold water".

Mollett (1883: 109) [[1]], offers this definition: Diapasma, Gr. and R. (διαπάσσω, to sprinkle). "A powder made of dried flowers and odoriferous herbs, which was put in a sachet for use as a perfume, or rubbed over the body."

See also: Magmata

Wilf Gunther 16/12/13


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