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Ebenus sive ebanus lignum cuius interius nigrum solidum pulchrum aptum ocularibus medicinis et est nomen grecum arabice vero vocatur abnus.


Ebenus ABC efj | Ebanus p
siue AC ep | seu B | sc j | l' f
ebanus | obanus p
interius | interrius B
solidum | sollidũ ms. e
pulchrũ AC f | pulcrũ (-crum j) B ejp
vero om. f
vocatur (-~ A) AC | dicatur B | di~ f | uidetur (u͡r p) ep
abnus | abanus p
ms. p has reference added written by different hand: vide supra. {Most likely referring to entry Abnus.


Ebenus or ebanus is a wood of which the interior part is black, solid and beautiful and suitable for eye medicines. And this is also the Greek word for it, but in Arabic it is abnus.


Latin (h)ebenus "the ebon-tree, ebony" is taken over from Greek ἔβενος/ ἕβενος /(h)ébenos/ id. The later form ebanus, according to Battisti & Alessio (1968: 1407), is first recorded in the XIII century and is an Italian innovation: cf. s.v. èbano … (è mutuato dall'it.); Simon is indeed a witness to the correctness of this statement. From Italy it gained wider currency in medieval Latin and was adopted by some Iberian languages, cf. Modern Spanish/Portuguese: ébano.

Cf. Wehr (1976): ﺍﺑﻧﻮﺱ /abnūs/ "ebony", see Abnus.

Pharmacopoeial remarks:

The Greek Dioscorides, 1, 98, ed. Wellmann (1906-14: I.89): ἔβενος /ébenos/ [[1]] mentions that e.g. shavings of ebony are soaked in wine, ground and made into eye salves. Cf. also Dioscorides Longobardus, 1, 108, ed. Mihăescu (1938: 54-5) De hebeno {“On ebony”}; ed. Hofmann & Auracher (1883: 92) [[2]].

WilfGunther (talk) 10:54, 28 December 2015 (GMT)

See also: Abnus

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