Ematheisia

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Ematheisia grece sanguinis effusio et cetera.


Apparatus:

Ematheisia AC | Ematehisia B | Emathisia e | Emathasia f | Emathehisia? p | Ematitia j
et cetera om. B efjp


Translation:

Ematheisia is Greek for Latin sanguinis effusio {"shedding of blood"}, et cetera.


Commentary:

Ematheisia:
The expected transcription by Simon would have been *emate(c)chisia, but a complicated word like this naturally suffered more than its fair share of corruption in the transmission process.

It renders Greek αἱματεκχυσία /haimatekkhysía/, a compound noun consisting of αἱματ- /haimat-/, a prevocalic compound form of αἷμα /haîma/ {"blood"} + a form derived from ἐκχύνω /ekkhýnō/ {"to pour out or away"}, i.e. "the pouring or shedding of blood."

The word is more associated with theology than medicine, for in Sophocles' Dictionary (1887: 93) only two sources are mentioned, Paul's letter to the Hebrews, and the Church Father Epiphanius of Salamis, died 402/3.
In the former reference, Hebr. 9,22, Paul recalls that Moses after receiving the 10 commandments purified everything around him by sprinkling blood over it, because: καὶ χωρὶς αἱματεκχυσίας οὐ γίνεται ἄφεσις /kaì khōrìs haimatekkhysías ou gίnetai áphesis/ "without blood shedding there is no release {of sin, i.e. forgiveness}".
Cf. the Vulgate translation: et sine sanguinis fusione {v.l. effusione} non fit remissio.


WilfGunther 09/11/2013


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