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Eneafilon Plinius longa folia novena habet caustice nature imponitur lana circundata ne urat latius continuo pustulas excitat.


Eneafilon AC | Encafilon {'e' misread as 'c'} | Eneasilon {'f' misread as "long s"}

nouena ABC e | nouẽ f

lana AC f | sana B e {'l' misread as "long s"}

urat (vrat A) AC | adurat B | adurat~ e | adhurat ~ f

latius AC | locus B f | locis e

& c. add. B


Eneafilon, Pliny says, has nine long leaves; it is of a caustic nature, and it is laid on wrapped in wool, so that it cannot burn badly fir it immediately provokes blistering.


Enneaphyllon, which is only attested in Pliny, is clearly Greek ἐννεάφυλλον /enneáphyllon/. The word is a compound consisting of ἐννέα /ennéa/ {"nine"} + φύλλον /phýllon/ {"leaf"}, i.e. "nineleaf herb".

Simon's form shows typical late Greek and medieval sound changes: the loss of pronouncing geminate consonants, i.e. /nn/ > /n/ and /ll/ > /l/; also υ {pronounced like French "u", German "ü"} > /i/.

Simon's entry is a near verbatim excerpt from Pliny, 27, 54, 77, ed. Rackham (1938-63: VII.434).

Botanical identification:

Enneaphyllon, was identified by Sprengel (1807) [[1]] as Dentaria enneaphylla L., syn. Cardamine enneaphyllos (L.) Cranz [[2]], [[3]], [[4]], but this identification is uncertain. Cf. André (1985: 94).

WilfGunther 19/02/14

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