Difference between revisions of "Epialtes"

From Simon Online
Jump to: navigation, search
m
m
 
Line 4: Line 4:
 
<span style="color:#3CB371">Apparatus:</span>
 
<span style="color:#3CB371">Apparatus:</span>
  
nos ABC f | nomĩe ''ms''. e
+
nos ABC fjp | nomĩe ''ms''. e <br />
 
+
effialtes AC ef | efialtes B | efficaltes jp <br />
effialtes AC ef | efialtes B
+
Ms. p adds an attempts at writing ἐπιάλτης /epiáltēs/ in Greek script
  
  
Line 16: Line 16:
 
<span style="color:#3CB371">Commentary:</span>
 
<span style="color:#3CB371">Commentary:</span>
  
Cf. Greek ἐφιάλτης /ephiáltēs/, and the Aeolian form ἐπιάλτης /epiáltēs/, means "nightmare, conceived as a throttling demon" (LSJ). The word is of uncertain etymology but even in antiquity it was folk-etymologically connected with ἐφάλλομαι /ephállomai/ "to spring upon, attack".
+
''Epialtes'': <br />
 +
Cf. Greek ἐφιάλτης /ephiáltēs/, and the Aeolian form ἐπιάλτης /epiáltēs/, means "nightmare, conceived as a throttling demon" (LSJ). Why Simon sees the Aeolian form as the common Greek form remains unclear. The word is of uncertain etymology but even in antiquity it was folk-etymologically connected with ἐφάλλομαι /ephállomai/ "to spring upon, attack".
  
 
The ''incubus'' was believed to be a male demon that "lies upon" – Latin ''incubo'' – people, normally women, in their sleep for sexual gratification. The female of the species is called ''succubus'', because she normally "lies under" a male sleeper – Latin ''succubo'' "to lie under" - to steal intercourse. To the medieval mind no good could come of it and it was thought to lead to the deterioration of the victim's health and ultimately to death. Night demons with sexual intentions are a staple of most ancient mythologies.
 
The ''incubus'' was believed to be a male demon that "lies upon" – Latin ''incubo'' – people, normally women, in their sleep for sexual gratification. The female of the species is called ''succubus'', because she normally "lies under" a male sleeper – Latin ''succubo'' "to lie under" - to steal intercourse. To the medieval mind no good could come of it and it was thought to lead to the deterioration of the victim's health and ultimately to death. Night demons with sexual intentions are a staple of most ancient mythologies.
  
[[User:WilfGunther|WilfGunther]] 10/11/13
+
 
 +
[[User:WilfGunther|WilfGunther]] 10/11/2013
 +
 
  
 
See also: [[Effialte]]
 
See also: [[Effialte]]
 +
  
 
<div style="text-align: right; direction: ltr; margin-right: 1em;">[[Epicatis | Next entry]]</div>
 
<div style="text-align: right; direction: ltr; margin-right: 1em;">[[Epicatis | Next entry]]</div>

Latest revision as of 13:10, 1 January 2017

Epialtes dicunt greci nos effialtes incubus.


Apparatus:

nos ABC fjp | nomĩe ms. e
effialtes AC ef | efialtes B | efficaltes jp
Ms. p adds an attempts at writing ἐπιάλτης /epiáltēs/ in Greek script


Translation:

Epialtes is what the Greeks say, we say effialtes or incubus.


Commentary:

Epialtes:
Cf. Greek ἐφιάλτης /ephiáltēs/, and the Aeolian form ἐπιάλτης /epiáltēs/, means "nightmare, conceived as a throttling demon" (LSJ). Why Simon sees the Aeolian form as the common Greek form remains unclear. The word is of uncertain etymology but even in antiquity it was folk-etymologically connected with ἐφάλλομαι /ephállomai/ "to spring upon, attack".

The incubus was believed to be a male demon that "lies upon" – Latin incubo – people, normally women, in their sleep for sexual gratification. The female of the species is called succubus, because she normally "lies under" a male sleeper – Latin succubo "to lie under" - to steal intercourse. To the medieval mind no good could come of it and it was thought to lead to the deterioration of the victim's health and ultimately to death. Night demons with sexual intentions are a staple of most ancient mythologies.


WilfGunther 10/11/2013


See also: Effialte


Next entry