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Ginga a musione capitulo de fluxu menstruorum inter herbas frigidas numeratur invenio in antiquis synonimis ginda quod est iusquiamum an sit idem nescio.


Ginga | Giinga j
menstruorum | mestruorum p
numeratur | numerat ejp
synonimis (synonoĩs j; synoĩs p) AC jp | sinonĩs (-noĩs e; -nois) B ef
ginda AC fj | guida B ep {rubricated in p}
nescio | hoc ignoro j


Ginga is counted by Mustio in his chapter "On menstrual flow" to be among the cooling herbs; I find it in some book of ancient synonyms in the form ginda which is in Latin iusquiamus, but I do not know whether they are the same.


Simon must be alluding to Mustio's capitulum X: De sanguinatione matricis, i.e. "On bleedings of the uterus", ed. Rose (1882: 67 ff.), where on p. 69, §41,, line 20 [[1]] the herb is mentioned as part of a herbal mixture used in a plaster for stopping uterine haemorrhage caused by birth, abortion or ulcer in the womb rather than menstrual flow. It is the same recipe where Zenzur is mentioned.

It seems that ultimately the word can be traced to only one source, i.e. Ps.-Apuleius, HERBA SIMFONIACA, 4, ed. Howald (1927: 33) [[2]], where in the section on synonyms it says: Nomina herbae: A Graecis dicitur iosciamum - "{Herba simfoniaca} is called iusquiamus by the Greeks", and in some mss. this is added: Punici gingan {sc. vocant} - "the Phoenicians say ginga for it". It is one of the African herb names that are found in Mustio.

André (1985: 110) says that ginga is of Hamitic origin and he quotes some Berber forms: quingatt, gingez, cf. L. Trabut, Répertoire des noms indigènes des plantes spontanées, cultivées et utilisées dans le nord de l'Afrique. Trabut (1935: 131), s.v. H. niger Jusquiame noire : Guenqitt - Qingatt - Gingez... [[3]].

The form ginda which Simon found in some ancients book of synonyms is very probably merely a corruption of ginga due to a scribal error.

Iusquiamus is a form used in popular Latin for the more educated hyoscyamus, which in turn is borrowed from Greek ὑοσκύαμος /hyoskýamos/, a plant normally identified as belonging to some species of the genus Hyoscyamus, "flea-bane".

WilfGunther 21/11/2013

See also: Iusquiamus

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