Hager almetani

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Hager almetani lapis vesice.


Hager almethani B | Hager ... almetam (-metham f) ef | Halmetani ACD


Arabic Hager almetani {lit. "bladder stone"} is in Latin lapis vesice {id.}.


ﺣﺠﺮ ﺍﻟﻣﺘﺎﻧﺔ /ḥağar al-maṯāna/. Cf. Siggel (1950: 87): ﺣﺠﺮ ﻣﺘﺎﻧﺔ /ḥ. maṯāna/ Blasenstein {i.e. "bladder stone"}. Cf. Wehr (1976): ﺣﺠﺮ /ḥağar/ "stone, weight" + ﻣﺘﺎﻧﺔ /maṯāna/ "(urinary) bladder”

Concerning the variant Halmetani, most likely an abbreviated Hager was misunderstood as the first letter of the word, i.e. Hager almetani > H. almetani > Halmetani. See General Remark Hager.

"th" and "t" are interchangeable in Simon's transcription, hence methani and metani, and in e, the manuscript copy, 'ni' is misread as 'm'.

Medical aspects:

Bladder stones, also called urinary tract stones, bladder calculi, vesical calculi or cystoliths are hard mineral buildups, calculi, in the urinary bladder. Their presence in the bladder is called cystolithiasis.

The surgical removal of stones, lithotomy, was performed in pre-modern times by lithotomists, - surgeons being different from physicians - who specialised in this procedure, hence in the Hippocratic oath "I will not cut, even for the stone, but I will leave such procedures to the practitioners of that craft" (Hippocratic Writings, Chadwick & Lloyd 1978: 67). Although surgical removal methods were extremely painful in pre-modern medicine, they were routinely performed and descriptions of the stone and removal methods are found in many medical authors, e.g. the Hippocratic Corpus, Cornelius Celsus, who mentions Ammonius Lithotomos {i.e. "the stone-cutter"} as the inventor of surgical instruments for the purpose, Paulus Aegineta and Albucasim.

Wilf Gunther 24/11/13

See also: Lithyasis, Alchartir

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