From Simon Online
Jump to: navigation, search

Hyosoris Plinius intubo est similis sed minor atque tactu asperior et cetera.


Whole entry missing in f
Hyosoris AC | Hiosoris ejp | Hiosis B {< *Hiosoris} | Hyoseris Pliny
intubo AC jp | ĩcubo B {'t' misread as 'c', interference from incubus?} | in rubo ms. e {interference from rubus?}
atque om. B ejp
{tactu} qʒ add. B ejp
et cetera om. e


Hyosoris is similar to intubus {"endive"} but smaller and rougher to the touch, etc.


Simon's entry is a near-verbatim quote from Pliny, 27, 64, 90, ed. W.H.S. Jones (1938-63: VII.442).

the witnesses have Hyosoris with 'e' misread as 'o'; the word is only attested in its Latin form in Pliny. It is obviously a Greek compound *ὑοσερίς /hyoserís/ {accentuation according to Lewis & Short, s.v. Hyosiris sic!} or *ὑόσερις /hyóseris/ {LSJ; Carnoy, v.i.} consisting of ὑο- /-hyo-/ "sow" + -σερις /-seris/ < σέρις /séris/ "endive or chicory" (LSJ) resulting in "sow endive or chicory". According to Carnoy (1959: 149), s.v. hyoseris, it is a deprecating term meaning "endive only good for pigs".

Botanical identification:

André (1985: 127), s.v. hyoseris, says that a species of Crepis L., the "hawkesbeard" genus [[1]], has been proposed, more specifically Crepis neglecta L. [[2]], e.g. tentatively also by Carnoy op.cit., a plant with a volatile taxonomic history [[3]].

Some of the older authors propose Centaurea nigra L. "lesser knapweed" [[4]], notably Sprengel (1807: 205) Hyosiris {sic!} [[5]] and a bit more cautiously in his revised second edition (1817: I.169) "Geschichte der Botanik" in German: Centaurea nigra vielleicht {"perhaps"} Hyosiris {sic!} [[6]].

WilfGunther 15:45, 21 November 2014 (UTC)

See also: Intuba, Endivia

Next entry