Ippos

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Ippos grece equus.


Translation:

Ippos is Greek for Latin equus {"horse"}.


Commentary:

Greek ἵππος /híppos/ means "horse".

This entry is an example of what the Greek grammarians called psilosis, i.e. ψίλωσις /psílōsis/, literally "stripping bare". It refers to the loss of pronouncing /h/, a sound change which became widespread as early as at the beginning of the Koine period of Greek, i.e. ca. 300 BC. Therefore Simon's spelling ippos only reflects a long established phonetic reality.

Double consonants like /pp/ were reduced to a single consonant at about the same time as psilosis occurred.

Simon's pronunciation would have been /ípos/.


See also: Ypos

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