Is

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Is grece per dipthongum est ovis que et provaton dicitur.


Translation:

The Greek word Is, written with a diphthong, means in Latin ovis {"sheep"}, and another Greek name for the animal is provaton.


Commentary:

Simon refers to Greek οἶς /oîs/, "sheep", pointing out its archaic spelling with a diphthong in contrast to the late Greek non-diphthongal pronunciation /is/; and he mentions the synonym πρόβατον /próbaton/, which originally referred to cattle but was later used almost exclusively for sheep. Again Simon's spelling reflects the late Greek pronunciation /provaton/.

See also: Ois, Probaton

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