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Iuliulem arabice sisamum utroque .i. consonante vocatur autem semsem post grecum ut apud Avicennam.


Iuliulem ACD | Iuliulẽ B | Iuliulon f | ms. e see Commentary below

.i. ABD f | idest C | missing in e see Commentary below

semsem ACD | sensem f | semssiʒ e | seuisem B {'m' misread as 'ni' misprinted as 'ui'}

apud om. B


Iuliulem is Arabic for Latin sisamum {"sesame"} with both letters "i" being consonantal {i.e. pronounced like "j" or "dge" in judge}; in Arabic it is also called semsem as in Avicenna, imitating the Greek word.


Ms. e has conflated two entries resulting in: Julem vocatur arabice semssiʒ post grecũ ut apud aui͞c consisting of the previous entry's { … ut Ioan. Sera. in .vii. est a greco} Julem + the next entry's: {Iuliulem arabice sisamum utroque .i. consonante} vocatur arabice semssiʒ post grecũ ut apud auīc.

Iuliulem: Wehr: ﺟﻠﺠﻼﻥ /ğulğulān, ğilğilān/ "sesame"; Siggel (1950: 26): ﺟﻠﺠﻼﻥ /ğulğulān/ = ﺳﻤﺴﻢ /simsim/ Sesamum indicum. For the use of the letter 'I' or 'i' to express Arabic /ğ/ see comment at Iergir.

Wehr (1976): ﺳﻤﺴﻢ /simsim/ "sesame". Siggel (1950: 43): ﺳﻤﺴﻢ /simsim/ Sesamum indicum od. orientale (Pedaliac.) Sesam {"sesame"}.

Sisanum: The Greek word σήσɑμον /sḗsamon/ was taken over into Latin as sesamum/sisamum/sesima/sesama.

Simon is referring to Avicenna’s Canon, [Goehl] Liber II, Capitulum 650. De sisamo {followed by id est sesama (sisamo annotation: semsera)}. This text is also available online in the Lyon edition (1522: 123), De sisamo Cap. dcl [[1]]

The Arabic original can be found p. 226: ﺳﻤﺴﻢ /simsim/ [[2]]

WilfGunther 03.12.13

See also: Sisamus, Semsem

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