Kinodontes

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Kinodontes grece canini dentes.


Apparatus:

Kynodontes f | Kinodõtes B | Kinodentes AC e


Translation:

Kinodontes is Greek for Latin canini dentes {"canine teeth"}.


Commentary:

Cf. sg. nom. κυνόδους /kynódous/, pl. κυνόδοντες /kynódontes/ means "dog's tooth {pl. teeth}, but also canine teeth of lions, men, horses; also a serpent's fang".

It is a compound of κυν- /kyn-/, a compound form of "dog", + ὀδούς, gen. ὀδόντος /odόntos/ "tooth", literally "dog's tooth".

Simon's transcription reflects a late Greek pronunciation, where υ {i.e. /y/ pronounced like French 'u' or German 'ü'} was changed into ι {/i/}, resulting in /kinódontes/.

The phonetic similarity between Greek ὀδόντες /odόntes/ and Latin dentes "teeth" enticed some scribes to analyse the Greek word as consisting of κυνο- /kyno-/, a common compound form of "dog", + Latin dentes "teeth".

Wilf Gunther 05/03/14


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