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Micetum Dyascorides duo sunt genera. Unum esui aptum et aliud homicidiale necem edentibus infert, qui autem putrido ferro aut linteolis nascitur aut quod iure serpentis generat circa cavernas aut radix creat arboris venenose facit subscripta qui sic invenitur mucillaginem habet super se qui si collecti repositi una hora fuerint verminant et cetera.


Micetum (-tũ A) Dya. AC | Micetũ dia. B | Micetuʒ scilicet fungi predicti e

et aliud AC e | & ali’d A | aliud B

homicidiale AC e | õicidiale B

infert C e | ĩfert A | ĩfere B

qui autem C | qui aũt AB | qui aut e

ferro AC | fero B | ?? e

linteolis AC | linteolis e | lĩtheolis B

aut quod C | quod B | aut quã e

iure AC | uirus B | virtus e

venenose A | vennose C | venẽose e | uenenose B

mucillaginem C | mucillaginẽ A e | mucilagĩẽ B

collecti AC | collecti e | colecti & B

et cetera om. e


Of myces {"mushrooms"} there are two kinds; one is fit for human consumption and the other is deadly. It brings death to those who eat it. The deadly type of mushroom grows near rotting iron or cloths or because the juice {venum} around a snake’s cave creates it or what the root of a poisonous tree produces, it causes the below-mentioned problems. A mushroom found in such situations has a glutinous substance on its surface. When these have been collected in this state and are kept for a single hour, they become worm-riddled.


Greek μύκης /mýkēs/, pl. μύκητες /mýkētes/ means "mushroom or fungus" or "anything shaped like one".

Simon's entry is near-verbatim quote of ultimately Dioscorides Longobardus, 4, 89, ed. Stadler (1901: 45)I. De micetas.

The Greek original, which differs in parts from its Latin Dioscorides Longobardus translation, is found in 4, 82, ed. Wellmann (1906-14: II.243-4), and it begins with μυκήτων διαφορὰ δισσή /mykḗtōn diaphorà dissḗ/ (lit.) "of mushrooms {there is} a double distinction". The translator echoes this in Latin with Micetum duo sunt genera - (lit.) "of mushrooms {there are} two kinds". Micetum is the gen. pl. of mices, micetis, a direct adoption of Greek μύκης /mýkēs/, μύκητος /mýkētos/ in the itacist pronunciation.

See also: Fungi, Micete

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