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Ordeolum est pustula in palpebris proprie nascens ab ordeo ob similitudinem nominata que grece etiam crite dicitur quod est ordeum ut Cornelius celsus eam vocat et cetera.


ab ordeo AC ef | ordei B

etiam om. f

crite AC ef | cute B ('ri' misread as 'u'}

et cetera om. B ef


Ordeolum {"stye"} is a little red bump that grows characteristically at the base of the eyelashes. It is named due to its similarity to a "barley corn"{Latin (h)ordeum}, and this is also its Greek name: crite, which means ordeum {"barley"} in Latin; (h)ordeum is the word Cornelius Celsus uses for a stye, et cetera.


Simon is alluding to [Loeb] Cornelius Celsus De medicina, 7, 7, 2, ed. Spencer (1935-8: III.326), where it says: In eadem palpebra supra pilorum locum tuberculum parvulum nascitur, quod a similitudine hordei a Graecis crithe nominatur; the translation by W.G. Spencer, the editor, reads "A very small tumour forms in the same upper eyelid, above the line of the eyelashes, which from it resemblance to a barleycorn … is termed by the Greeks crithê."

N.b. The Latin text is also available online in ed. Marx (1915: 312) [[1]].

Latin hordeolum, which is still the medical term for stye, lives on in a number of Romance languages: Italian orzai(u)olo; Modern French orgelet, but Middle French horgeol; Spanish orzuelo.

WilfGunther 10:46, 20 October 2014 (BST)

See also: Kritharion, Krithe, Chrites

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