Paguros

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Paguros dicunt greci cancros marinos ut Paladius de agricultura capitulo de his que infesta sunt ortis.


Apparatus:

Paladius (-ius D) AD | paladius B f | palladius e | Palidius C

que (q̑ f) ĩfesta (infesta C f) sunt ABCD f | que ĩfestant e


Translation:

Paguros is what the Greeks call sea-crabs mentioned in Paladius' book De agricultura in a chapter about those creatures that are troublesome in gardens.


Commentary:

πάγουρος /págouros/, Latinised pagurus, is a species of crab.

Simon here alludes to Palladius' book, today generally referred to as Opus agriculturae "Treatise on agriculture" [[1]], 1, 35, ed. Schmitt (1898: 38, §7) De remediis horti vel agri - "Remedies for field and garden”. In this passage Palladius quotes a remedy attributed to the ancient Greek philosopher Democritus:

[7] Democritus adserit neque arboribus neque satis quibuslibet noceri posse a quibuscumque bestiis, si fluuiales cancros plurimos uel marinos, quos Graeci paguros nominant, non minus quam decem fictili uasculo in aqua missos tegas et sub diuo statuas, ut decem diebus sole uaporentur. postea quaecumque inlaesa uolueris esse perfundas et octonis diebus peractis hoc repetas, donec solide quae optaueris adolescant.

"Democritus declares that neither to trees nor sown fields can any damage be done by any creature, if you put a large number of river crabs or sea crabs – those that the Greeks call paguros, no fewer than ten of them, - into a small clay vessel with water and cover it, then place it in the open air, so that they evaporate in ten days in the sun. After that pour it over whatever you want to be kept unharmed and repeat the action every eight days until what you have chosen has matured in good health".

Wilf Gunther 04/01/14


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