Priapismos

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Priapismos grece a priapos quod est virga virilis et est priapismus immoderata virge extensio longo tempore perseverans, differt autem a satiriasi ut infra in satiriasi invenies et cetera.


Apparatus:

grece e | gra. A | gř. B | grece C f

et (& C) est C ef | & ē A | & cetera B

ĩmoderata AC f | ĩ moderata B e

longo ef | lõgo AC | lũgo B

difert B | drt A ef | dř? C | differt scripsi

a satiriasi ABC f | a satyriasi e

in satiriasi AC | in satyriasi e | ĩ satirias B | in sati f

et cetera om. B ef


Translation:

Priapismos is Greek derived from priapos, which is the male member; and priapismus is the excessive erection of the member over a long period of time. It is different from satiriasis as you will find out from the entry Satiriasis below, etc.


Commentary:

Πρίαπος /Príapos/, latinised Priapus, is an ithyphallic god associated with sexuality, fertility, gardens and herds. For more information see Price & Kearns (2003: 448-9), s.v. Priapus.

Although many ancient medical authors make no clear distinction between πριαπισμός /priapismós/ and σατυρίασις /satyríasis/ Simon follows Caelius Aurelianus' and Paulus of Aegina's definitions, whereby priapism is a continual erection without sexual desire or seminal discharge, cf. Caelius Aurelianus, Chronic Diseases, 5, 9, 89, ed. Drabkin (1950: 964): De priapismo: Sine ullo dolore vel consensu tentigo veretri fiet et appellatur priapismos, which Drabkin, (1950: 965), translates: "Priapism. Prolonged tension of the genitals without any pain or sensation is called 'priapism'". This is different from satyriasis, which is an acute affliction, i.e. not long-lasting, where the erection is accompanied by strong sexual desire caused by a bodily disease.

The term priapism has survived essentially intact into modern medical terminology, where it is defined as a persistent erection of the penis without sexual arousal, often caused by a blood clot in the spongy erectile tissue.

Wilf Gunther 13/01/14


See also: Satiriasis

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