Ptoma

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Ptoma grece corpus et pro cadavere sumitur soma proprie corpus.


Apparatus:

{cadavere} etiam add. B

soma ABC f | sʒ magis ms. e

{proprie corpus} gŕ. {= grece} add. B


Translation:

Ptoma {"carcase"} is Greek for Latin corpus {"living or dead body"}, but it equates {more precisely} to Latin cadaver {"dead body"}; however Greek soma is the appropriate word for Latin corpus {"living body"}.


Commentary:

Greek πτῶμα /ptôma/ is in its basic meaning "fall" and hence: "fallen body, corpse, carcase". The "living body" is in classical Greek σῶμα /sôma/, although in Homeric Greek it always denotes "dead body".


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