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Pyrodes grece igneus pirotus inflammatus pirosis incendium.


ms. e rubricates every Greek word; ms. f only Pyrodes and Pyrotis

Pyrodes AC f | Pirodes B e

pirotus AC | pirotis B | Pirotis e | Pyrotis f

inflãmatus (-us C) AC e | ĩflamatus B | infl’atus f

pirosis (-sis f) ABC f | Pirodis ms. e


Pyrodes is Greek for Latin igneus {"fiery"}, pirotus means inflammatus {"set on fire, inflamed"} and pirosis means incendium {"conflagration; heat"}.


Greek πυρῶδες /pyrôdes/ is the neuter form of the adjective πυρώδης /pyrṓdēs/ "like fire, fiery; (medic.) inflamed"; πυρωτός /pyrōtós/ means "fiery"; πύρωσις /pýrōsis/ means "firing; cautery; flame; inflammation" (LSJ).

Simon portrays a later Greek pronunciation: /piródes/, /pirotós/, /pírosis/, that shows the following sound changes: Υ/υ by now no longer represents the sound similar to the sound written in French 'u', German 'ü' but has changed into the vowel sound as in English "ski". Also: Ω/ω > /ο/ (/ō/ > /o/}.

All these words are derivatives of πῦρ /pŷr/ "fire", cf. Pir.

Wilf Gunther 11/05/2014

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