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Rhin grece naris nasus inde erinon caputpurgium quod per nares iniicitur, nam rino nares et hinc etiam rinoceron animal habens unicum cornu in naribus, rinokereos dicit grecus.


Rhin is the Greek word for Latin naris {"nostril"} and nasus {"nose"}; Greek errinon {"sneeze-inducing medicine"} is in Latin caputpurgium {"head purging medicine"}, because it is applied through the nostrils. Rino is the Greek element for nares {"nostrils, nose"} and it also occurs in the animal{name} rinoceros {"rhinoceros"} because the animal has a single horn on its nose, and the Greeks call it rinokereos.


The classic Greek word for nose is ῥίς /rhís/; Simon uses a later form of the word ῥίν /rhín/. The genitive is ῥινός /rhinós/, and the word-stem ῥινο- /rhino-/ is used in compounds like /rhinókerōs/ ῥινόκερως, which the Romans adopted as rhinoceros. Medieval spellings of the name tend to be less etymologically oriented and more phonetic like Simon's, e.g. rinoceros, rinocerus, rinoceron, etc.

ῥινο- /rhino-/ is also part of the word έρρινον /érrhinon/ which Simon offers as the Greek equivalent of Latin caputpurgium. It is composed of ἐν /en/ "in(to) + nose", lit. {"something to apply in/through the nose", i.e. a "sternutatory, i.e. sneeze-inducing medicine"}.

See also: Caputpurgium

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