Rhiza

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Rhiza grece radix inde glicoriza dulcis radix quam corrupte nos liquiritiam dicimus.


Apparatus:

Rhiza AC | Riza B ef

corrupte AC ef | corupte B

liquiritiam AC | liquiriciam (-ciã B e) B ef


Translation:

Rhiza is Greek for Latin radix {"root"}, from where is derived glicoriza, which means in Latin: dulcis radix {"sweet root"}, which we pronounce in a corrupted fashion as liquiritia {"licorice"}.


Commentary:

ῥίζα, /rhíza/, as Simon says, is the Greek word corresponding to Latin radix {"root of a plant"}. γλυκύρριζα /glykýrrhiza/ means "licorice", Glycyrrhiza glabra. Its first element is γλυκúς /glykýs/ "sweet", so the word means literally "sweetroot". Simon gives the form glicoriza, showing the change from υ > ι {/y/ > /i/} and the contemporaneous pronunciation of "rrh" as /r/; furthermore the word seems to be influenced by an imagined relationship with liquor. He then offers a literal Latin translation: dulcis radix "sweet root", which is incidentally the term used by Celsus. The Greek word was adopted into classical Latin as glycyrrhiza, but was remodelled in late Antiquity to liquiritia, the form Simon quotes as well.

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