Rhodia

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Rhodia Dyascorides radix est nascens in macedonia similis costo: sed paulo levior et non equalis que digitis confricata rose longius iactat odorem.


Apparatus:

Rhodia AC | Rodia B efjp
costo | custo j
odorem | odore j


Translation:

According to Dyascorides the rhodia root grows in Macedonia; it is similar to costus, but a little lighter and not equal {in shape, i.e. uneven; non equalis translates Greek ἀνώμαλος /anṓmalos/ "uneven, irregular" LSJ}. When it is rubbed between ones fingers it gives off a strong waft of roses.


Commentary:

This is a verbatim quote ultimately from Dioscorides Longobardus, 4, 42, ed. Stadler (1901: 26), De robia {sic!; v.l. rodia} [[1]]. As usual Simon does not quote the medical uses of the plant.
For the original Greek text, cf. 4, 45, ed. Wellmann (1906-14: II.203) [[2]], where the plant root is called Ῥοδíα ῥíζα /Rhodía rhíza/ which is sometimes translated as "root from Rhodes" but Carnoy and others derive it from ῥόδον /rhódon/ "rose".


Botanical identification:

Carnoy's identification -op.cit.- is Sedum stellatum L. {syn. Phedimus stellatus (L.) Raf.}, "Starry stonecrop", a plant of the Mediterranean flora [[3]], [[4]]; while e.g. Berendes (1902: 388) and André (1985: 217, s.v. r(h)odia) suggest Sedum roseum Scop. = S. Rhodiola DC. = Rhodiola rosea L., "Roseroot, Midsummer-men", a plant with a wider European distribution [[5]], [[6]].


WilfGunther (talk) 11:52, 27 October 2016 (BST)


See also: Costum, Kust


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