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Scrophule a scropha dicte eo quod ut a scrofa multi porcelli ita ab una multe pullulant similiter et greci chiradas a chira .i. porca vocant he et strume apud multos antiquorum vocantur.


Scrophule AC ep | Scrofule B | Scophule f {'r' missing, copying error}
{Scrophule a} scropha AC ef | scrofa B | scopha j {copying error}
{ut} a om. j
ut om. f
multi porcelli AC ejp | ml’ti porceli B | porcelli m͞lti f
{porcelli} oriuntur add. e
pullulant AC efp | pululant B j
.i. | quod est ms. e
porca B efjp | porci AC
he AC | hee B efp | he ul’ hee j
strume AC fjp | strũe B | strimie? ms. e
vocantur | d͡nt~ f {= dicuntur}


Scrophule is derived from scropha {"sow"} because just like many piglets are dropped from a breeding sow, in a similar way one scrofulous tumour can produce many more; and the Greeks call them chiradas from the word chira, which means "sow" too. These swellings are also called strume by many of the ancient authors.


Latin scrofulae (pl.), derived from scrofa "brood sow", are 'swellings of the glands', especially on the neck. The word appears to be calqued on Greek χοιράδες /khoirádes/ nom., in the entry above χοιράδας /khoirádas/ in the acc. pl. depending on vocant, "scrofulous swellings in the glands of the neck" (LSJ), sg. nom. χοιράς /khoirás/ {"like a hog or a hog's back" (LSJ)}. χοίρα /khoíra/ also means "brood sow".

Simon offers these words in the Greek itacist pronunciation of his time, affected by the sound change οι > ι {/oi/ > /i/} resulting in /khirádas/ and /khíra/.

Medical matters:

Scrofula has survived into modern medical terminology, cf. [[1]].

Nb: Scrofula is also known in England and France as the "King's evil", but this should not be confused with regius morbus {"the kingly disease"} q.v. - Regius morbus - of antiquity that is generally thought to denote jaundice.

WilfGunther 10:32, 4 August 2014 (BST)

See also: Skrofa, Chiros , Cirades, Strumas

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