Siche armenum

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Siche armenum liber graduum est abrotanum agreste.


Apparatus:

Siche armenũ | Sichearmenum (-nũ A) AC


Translation:

Siche from Armenia, according to the Liber graduum {"The book of grades"}, is a wild form of abrotonum {?"southernwood"}.


Commentary and botanical remarks:

Simon alludes to chapter 83 in the Liber graduum (1087) by Constantine the African. Grading was introduced to achieve a finer scale for the qualities hot, cold, moist and dry, whereby each quality was graded from the first {weakest} to fourth degree {strongest}.

Hermann Fischer, p. 18, counts syche among the unknown plants in Constantine’s work. This is what Constantine has to say about the plant:

Liber graduum:
Constantini Africani medici, De gradibus quos uocant simplicium liber, in: Opera, at Henricus Petrus, Basel 1536. Transcribed by Dr Konrad Goehl, Wuerzburg. Unpublished:
<83.> Syche species est abrotani in Armenia nascentis; quae calida in fine secundi gradus, scilicet in tertio.
Stomachum laedit, tamen urinam attenuat, menstrua provocat, et oppilationem vulvae aperit mulieribus inde fumigatis. Nam si praegnans ... ex ea fumigetur, mortuum foetum extrahit. Bibita vel cataplasmata lumbricos et ascarides expellit. Cocta cum vino et potui data vel cataplasmata contra venenum morsumque reptilium facit. Usta et cum oleo temperata capillos alopeciam habentibus creat. Pro qua calamentum agreste vel absinthium poni potest. - Syche is a kind of abtrotonum {'southernwood'} that grows in Armenia. It is hot to the highest degree of the second grade, in the third grade so to speak.
It damages the stomach, it thins the urine, it brings on the menses, and it opens the obstruction of the vulva of women, who undergo fumigation with it. If a woman is pregnant and is fumigated with it, it draws out the dead foetus. Swallowed or applied with a poultice it expels maw-worms and intestinal worms. When cooked with wine and given as a potion or applied in a poultice it cures reptiles’ poison and bite. Burnt and tempered with oil it grows hair for those who have alopecia.
Instead of it wild calamentum {?"catmint"} or absinthium can be used." {Translation by Wilf Gunther}.


WilfGunther (talk) 10:16, 22 February 2016 (GMT)


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