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Sorex Dyascorides soricis species due sunt una agrestis spinosa altera apta est ad comedendum ramulos angulosos habens et rufos et inanes ambitus et folia rara et scissa et cetera.


Ms. e adds at the beginning: Sorex secundum dyas idem est quod soncos supra in son alr' {= aliter} a dyas sericis al' sonci
soricis AC fp | soricis al' seriti B | seritis al' sorici j | sericis al' sonci ms. e {see also previous line}.
est om. B
ramulos | kamulos j {'R' misread as 'k'}
angulosos ABC j | angulos ep | angustos f
rufos AC e | ruffos B fjp
{habens} om. j
ambitus AC fj | ab intus B ep | intus Diosc.Longob.
{rara} et om. AC
scissa | fissa or sissa? ms. e
et cetera om. j
Ms. e adds: {et cetera} dyas idem dicit de soncax {read: soncos} supra
Ms. f adds: In sorex aa {= alia} hʒ soncos l' soncus et sic inqtcipit sonthos sp͡͡es sũt due


For a translation and commentary of this text see Soncos.


Sorex/ soricis:
This entry is the result of an early misreading of soncus as soricis with 'n' misread as 'ri', 'u' misread as 'i', a misreading probably encouraged by the fact that soricis is an actual word, i.e. the genitive of sorex "shrew-mouse". The nominative sorex – in spite of "shrew-mouse" obviously making no sense with this text, e.g. the item being thorny and having small angular branches - was later added as the headword. This explains why this entry has the same text as the entry Soncos.

Two witnesses, mss. e and f, have recognised this fact and ms. e begins by saying: "Sorex: Dyascorides has the same text in the entry Soncos above";
while ms. f adds: "{As} In this entry, i.e. Sorex, the names soncos or soncus occur in another entry and it begins thus: Sonthos {read: Soncos}: there are two kinds …". Consequently ms. f does not copy the entry Soncos which is found in other witnesses.

WilfGunther 11:30, 10 April 2015 (BST)

See also: Soncos, Hyonchos

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