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Subglutio a Dyascoride capitulo de aristologia pro singultu accipitur.


Subglutio ABC | Subglucio ef

a Dy. AC | a dy f | a dia. B | ad dyas. e

aristologia ABC e | astologia f

singultu AB ef | singlutu C

accipitur (-pit~ AB) ABC | accip͞r e | dicitur f


Subglutio {"hiccough"} is used by Dyascorides instead of singultus {"hiccough, sobbing"} in his chapter De aristologia {"On birthwort"}.


Simon finds the word subglutio "hiccough" worthy of comment and he equates it with singultus. Subglutio is derived from gluttio/ glutio "to swallow or gulp down; utter interruptedly", possibly of onomatopoeic origin; and suggluttio/ subgluttio is glossed by Lewis & Short "to hiccup a little". The word is – to judge by Souter’s references s.v. subglu(t)tio 1 - of late Latin origin, since it occurs in the Mulomedicina Chironis, Mulomedicina Vegetii, the Latin Oribasius, Philagrios and Dioscorides Longobardus. The etymology of singultus is unclear. Subglutio tanslates Greek λυγμός /lygmós/ < λύζω /lýzō/ "to have the hiccup; sob violently".

Simon alludes to ultimately Dioscorides Longobardus, 3, 4, ed. Stadler (1899: 377-8) De aristolocia. In this chapter’s section on the medical uses of the herb aristolocia {"birthwort"}, the rotunda - Greek στρογγύλη /strongýlē/ {"round"} kind is said to be: plus asmaticis ipse prodest, et subgluttionibus et frigoribus et pleureticis cum aqua bibitus singulariter medetur - "but it does the asthmatics more good, and those with hiccups, fever shudders and those with pleurisy when drunk down with water, it heals singularly well". Cf. also: Dioscorides alphabeticus Codex Bodmer 58, f. 9v [[1]].

The original Greek text is found in 3, 4, ed. Wellmann (1906-14: II.6-8): ἀριστολοχεία /aristolokheía/ [[2]].

Wilf Gunther 10/09/13

See also: Singultus

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