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Uriteras venas vocant greci illas per quas urina a renibus ad vesicam descendit Cornelius celsus.


venas vocant greci AC efjp | g̃ uocãt uenas B
{urina} a om. p
Celsus om. e


Uriteras is what the Greeks call those veins through which urine passes from the kidneys down into the bladder, according to Cornelius Celsus.


Simon is alluding to Celsus, 4, 1, 10, De medicina, where it is said: At a renibus singulae venae, colore albae, ad vesicam feruntur: ureteras Graeci vocant, quod per eas inde descendentem urinam in vesicam destillare concipiunt, which W.G. Spencer, the editor and translator of this Celsus edition translates (1935-8: I.361): "Again from the kidneys, two veins, white in colour, lead to the bladder; the Greeks call them ureters, because they believe that through them the urine descending drops into the bladder".

Greek οὐρητήρ /ourētḗr/ was in the earlier Greek writers the same as οὐρήθρα /ourḗthra/, i.e urethra. In Galen it already means when in the plural - οὐρητῆρeς /ourētḗres/, Latinised ureteres - "the ducts which convey the urine from the kidneys into the bladder". (LSJ). Celsus's ureteras echoes the Greek accusative pl. οὐρητῆρας /ourētḗras/ depending on vocant.

Simon's form Uriteras either shows in the first two syllables contamination with urina or it is a mixed form between the Latin speakers' ureteras and the then contemporary Greek speakers' /uritíras/.

Celsus uses the word vena here in the loose sense of "something resembling a vein or artery".

Anatomical remarks:

See [[1]].

WilfGunther 23/09/2013

See also Corhida

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