Vilitionis semen

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Vilitionis semen .i. ameos Cassius felix capitulo de morbis epatis et de dissinteria.


Vilitionis (-õis B) ABC | Vilicionis ej?p | Vilicideris f
morbis ABC ej | morbo p | mor/ f
dissinteria A p | disinteria BC efj


Vilitio seed is the same as ami seed according to Cassius Felix in his chapter "On liver diseases" and in his chapter "On dysentery".


The word vilicio (thus in Cassius Felix), misread as vilitio in some witnesses, is only attested in Cassius Felix, and it is described as a synonym of the herb ami/ammi {"ajowan" or "ajwain", Greek ἄμι /ámi/ or ἄμμι /ámmi/, of which the Greek genitive form is ἄμ(μ)εως /ám(m)eōs/ or ἄμ(μ)ιος /ám(m)ios/, Simon's ameos. The genitive form is often used in recipes, e.g. of this herb use so much and of that herb use twice as much etc.

Simon refers to two chapters in Cassius Felix's De medicina:

  • 44, 14, ed. Fraisse (2001: 125), Ad epaticam passionem {"On liver disease"}, where Cassius says: Cataplasma diureticon id est urinale ad idem et ad dolores ex perfrictione natos. …. ameos id est seminis vilicionis … - "For a diuretic, i.e. urinary, cataplasm for the same disease {he mentions empyemata in the previous paragraph, i.e. "gatherings of pus", see Empima} and for the pains that stem from a violent cold {or abrasions" {perfrictio can mean both}. This text is also available online: Rose (1879: 112) [[1]]. Rose mentions this vl.: inlicīonis.
  • Also in 48, 12, ed. Fraisse (2001: 138) Ad dysenteriam {"On dysentery"} Trochiscus anotericus … optime faciens dysentericis et ciliacis, … ameos seminis id est vilicionis – "a trochisk called anotericus {Greek ἀνωτερικόϛ /anōterikós/ means in relation to medicine "given by mouth" (LSJ)} is most excellent for people with dysentery and those with stomach and bowel troubles … take some amount of ammi, which is the seed of vilicio. This text is also available online: Rose (1879: 124) [[2]]. Rose mentions these vvll.: uiliciomis, iucilidioīs; Fraisse mentions uiliciomis, iucilidionis, incidilidionis.

WilfGunther 15:10, 13 November 2014 (UTC)

See also: Ameos, Cataplasma, Trociscus

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